Solar radiation is the basic energy source for all processes in the Earth’s atmosphere. In addition, it is useful for the body, since sun exposure leads to the production of vitamin D in the body, which can lead to the prevention of the development of a number of diseases. Reasonable exposure to sunlight is the only safe and natural way to get sufficient amounts of this vitamin. Older people, people who are less exposed to the sun, pregnant and breastfeeding women need more vitamin D. Also, people suffering from kidney or liver disease may have a reduced ability to activate and use vitamin D. In such special cases, it is advisable to take vitamin preparations. D under the recommendation of your doctor.
According to the wavelength spectrum, solar radiation can be divided into: infrared, visible radiation and ultraviolet – UV radiation. Ultraviolet light is not visible to the human eye and occurs in three forms: ultraviolet A (UVA), ultraviolet B (UVB), and ultraviolet C (UVC).
1.UVA rays are a type of radiation that causes our skin to darken. They represent 95% of the UV rays that reach the Earth’s surface. They are present throughout the year, regardless of the season, and pass through clouds, glass and deep into the dermis (the second layer of skin) because they have a longer wavelength. Together with UVB radiation, they lead to burns and known photoaging of the skin. Photoaging of the skin is caused by chronic, excessive exposure of the skin to the sun’s rays, is characterized by special visible physical signs and differs from normal, physiological aging of the skin. With photoaging, the structure of collagen and elastic fibers changes and this leads to the appearance of wrinkles, sagging skin and loss of firmness. Allergies are not uncommon, but also other damaged ones, such as the appearance of spots, the appearance of keratosis and pimples.
2.UVB radiation makes up only 5% of the radiation that reaches the ground. It also causes darkening of the skin, but above all redness of the skin (erythema) and burns. They do not pass through clouds and glass but penetrate through the first layer of skin (epidermis). Like UVA it leads to premature skin aging, allergies and melanoma. UVB rays in higher doses reduce the efficiency of the body’s immune system and, above all, the skin’s immune system, influencing the appearance or recurrence of diseases related to cellular immunity, such as e.g. herpes infections.
3.UVC radiation is mostly absorbed in the ozone layer, and if it is preserved, UVC rays do not reach the Earth. They cause redness but not darkening of the skin. People who work with artificial UVC radiation can be endangered, causing milder forms of conjunctivitis and burns. It is used for germicidal lamps in operating rooms and has a bactericidal effect.
No part of the body is as exposed to sunlight as the face, especially the nose, forehead, lips and ears. The skin on the face is thin and sensitive, and in order to prevent burns and premature wrinkles, it is necessary to use sunscreen products. There are a large number of creams with a protective factor on the market and you should choose it according to the type and condition of your skin. Having a darker complexion does not mean that you need to avoid the protective factor. Also, UV rays are present throughout the year, so it is necessary to protect the skin from the sun every time we are exposed to it, at any time of the year, not just in summer.
Dermatologists recommend that we choose those products with a protection factor that contain at least SPF 30. Applying a moisturizer and then sunscreen should become your daily routine regardless of the season. After cleansing the face, apply a moisturizer. Our recommendation is DIAMOND INFUSED FLAWLESS TITANIUM CREAM – infused with extra-fine natural diamond powder and Hyaluronic Acid, assists in nourishing, revitalizing, and recharging the skin to restore its elasticity, flexibility, and optimal hydration level for a healthy, flawless appearance.Suitable for all skin types
Wait for the cream to absorb and then apply a sunscreen. Only skin that is protected and cared for in the right way is beautiful skin.
SPF 15 blocks 93% of UVB rays
SPF 30 blocks 97% of UVB rays
SPF 50 blocks 98% of UVB rays
What is very important is the thorough cleansing of the skin in the evening after using the spf factor. Failure to do so may result in the formation of acne and inflammatory processes on the skin due to:
1. clogging of pores due to comedogenic substances.
2. due to a sensitive reaction to chemical agents that block UV radiation.
Choose those creams that say “oil control”, “non-comedogenic” … UV filter particles and other ingredients that are part of SPF creams are difficult to remove, so choose oil or milk-based cleansers that will deeply clean these creams from pores and prevent the formation of inflammatory processes.